Vol. 2 No. 3 (2022)
Health Technology Reviews

Adalimumab for the Treatment of Pediatric Populations With Non-Infectious Uveitis

Published March 4, 2022

Key Messages

  • Two systematic reviews, 1 economic evaluation, and 2 evidence-based guidelines were identified regarding the clinical effectiveness (including safety), cost-effectiveness, and use of adalimumab in pediatric populations with non-infectious uveitis.
  • Pooled data of the SYCAMORE and ADJUVITE randomized controlled trials comparing adalimumab to placebo demonstrated that adalimumab significantly increased the likelihood of reducing or interrupting corticosteroid use (which is beneficial as long-term corticosteroid use can result in cataracts and glaucoma). Adalimumab significantly increased the event of a satisfactory response rate, but there was no difference in safety assessed as systemic adverse events and local adverse effects.
  • Specific to the ADJUVITE trial, visual acuity slightly worsened before and after treatment with adalimumab and it was unclear if adalimumab increased control of intraocular inflammation.
  • Specific to the SYCAMORE trial, adalimumab significantly lowered the risk of treatment failure and the rate and number of adverse events and serious adverse events were higher in the adalimumab group compared to the placebo group. For the adalimumab group, the most common adverse event type was infections and infestations and the most common serious adverse events were glaucoma, cataracts, injection site reactions, arthritis, and arthralgia.
  • In the perspective of the health care system in the UK, adalimumab plus methotrexate was not found to be cost-effective compared to methotrexate alone (modelled by placebo data) in uveitis associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
  • Cost-effectiveness analyses of adalimumab at a discounted price lowered the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio, which supports the potential use of biosimilars in the future due to cost savings.
  • Both guidelines recommended the use of treatment that blocks proteins that cause inflammation (tumour necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors) such as adalimumab in combination with an immunosuppressive agent such as methotrexate (i.e., adalimumab plus methotrexate) in patients with uveitis associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis who are not responsive to initial treatment (e.g., topical corticosteroids) and are at risk for severe uveitis or vision threatening complications.
  • The American College of Rheumatology/ Arthritis Foundation recommended the use of adalimumab and infliximab over etanercept with no preference between adalimumab and infliximab. Conversely, the guideline from multiple interdisciplinary German groups recommended that adalimumab and infliximab are the first- and second-choice tumour necrosis factor-alpha inhibiting drugs, respectively. They recommended a treatment switch to infliximab then golimumab when adalimumab is not effective or there is treatment failure with adalimumab.